Volume 23, Issue 4 (2019)                   MJSP 2019, 23(4): 87-121 | Back to browse issues page

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rezaie H, فاطمي M, talebi M S. Security and leisure in urban green spaces (Case Study: Yazd Regional Parks). MJSP. 2019; 23 (4) :87-121
URL: http://hsmsp.modares.ac.ir/article-21-31452-en.html
1- tehranuniversity
2- meyboduniversity , yazdfatemi@meybod.ac.ir
3- meyboduniversity
Abstract:   (3265 Views)

Introduction:
The existence of security in a place of recreation is considered as one of the most important parameters in decision making for visiting and spending leisure time in that location. On the other hand, the lack of security not only does not lead people to public places, promenades and walkways, but because of the lack of presence and isolation of these places, crime and its dimensions are spreading in these places, and therefore it is said that between security and leisure mutual and complementary relationship exists. Therefore, considering the importance of the subject, this study aims to investigate the relationship between the sense of security and spending leisure time in the public spaces of Yazd (regional parks in Yazd city). Because parks are one of the most prominent public spaces in the city and the most important components of the urban, human and natural body, which, taking into account the conquest of the green space element, attract the population and provide the ground for social interaction and spending leisure time in terms of recreation, entertainment, sports, Studying and relaxing nature-based recreations.
Methodology:
The present research is descriptive-analytic in terms of applied purpose and is based on observation, interview and questionnaire. The dominant view in the methodology of the present study is the systematic approach based on the structural-functional approach, which is carried out in a deductive-inductive method, considering the combination of natural formations (green spaces-parks) and human formations (security and Feeling of security). To collect information in this study, two methods of library and survey using a questionnaire have been used. Its content validity has been confirmed by the opinion of 10 specialists in urban planning, social sciences and law enforcement and necessary corrections. The population of the study consisted of citizens of Yazd city, which according to the Cochran formula, 384 citizens at 0.05% error rate were randomly selected in 7 parks under study for two consecutive weeks. Data analysis in this research has been carried out in two descriptive and inferential sections. In the inferential part of the test, Smirnov test, Chi square test and Pearson correlation coefficient have been used to answer the research questions. It should be noted that in this study, in order to measure the level of feeling of security and to clarify its relationship with spending leisure time in the parks, according to the opinion of the panel of 10 experts from among the security dimensions in view of the impact of the high level of human, financial, and moral security And law enforcement on the mental and psychological health of citizens in the city; these four dimensions of security have been selected for research.
Results and discussion:
The results of the Smirnov test at 99% confidence level show, firstly, the data are normal and then indicate that the sanity, financial, ethical, and law enforcement in the parks are inappropriate. Because Z score has been evaluated, four security dimensions below the average level have been evaluated. Among the four dimensions of the security feeling studied, law enforcement with a 3.11 test statistic at the highest level and moral security with the 2.98 statistics was at the lowest level.
The results of the general Chi-square test showed that the society of citizens, respectively, had a sense of security with a 255,487 statistics, a security sense of 249,321, a sense of moral security with a 229,189 statistics, and a sense of financial security of 220,979 with a statistically significant effect on increasing leisure time of citizens In the Regional parks in the Yazd city.
The results of Pearson correlation coefficient at 99% confidence level for the citizens of the community indicate that there is a direct relationship between the feeling of security and the leisure time of citizens in the parks. The correlation coefficient between the sense of human security and the leisure time of citizens equal to 0.953, between the feeling of financial security and spending leisure time 0.712, between the sense of moral security and spending leisure time 0.806 and between the sense of security and leisure time spent 0.950 was assessed. This the coefficients show the severity of the relationship between these two variables and the impact of the feeling of security on the leisure time of citizens in the parks.
Conclusion:
The results of this study indicate that the safety of the studied parks is relatively desirable and not quite desirable. According to the results, security at the highest level of moral and moral security has been at the lowest level. There is a significant safety effect on leisure activities in Yazd parks. Among the dimensions examined, the feeling of personal safety has the greatest impact on the quality of leisure time and the feeling of financial security. Finally, it was found that in the parks in Yazd there is a significant and direct relationship between safety and leisure time; it was also found that there was a significant relationship between the four security dimensions studied, and these four dimensions Have a positive and significant impact on each other, and as the community of citizens has pointed out, security law enforcement plays a more important role in creating the moral, financial, and moral security. Therefore, it is suggestes that through the provision and provision of military and security infrastructures at the level of parks in the region, such as the establishment of regular military, security and ethical patrols, the establishment of a police station, and the continued establishment of park ranger , will enhance the sense of security in urban parks in Yazd.
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Article Type: Original Research | Subject: planning models,techniques and methods
Received: 2019/03/18 | Accepted: 2019/08/27 | Published: 2019/12/31

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