Volume 23, Issue 3 (2019)                   MJSP 2019, 23(3): 65-98 | Back to browse issues page

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Bazargan M, amirfakhriyan M. Confronting the promotion / degradation of identity in urban Valuable collections in the framework of the Territorial Spatial Arrangement approach case study Shohad Square in Mashhad city. MJSP 2019; 23 (3) :65-98
URL: http://hsmsp.modares.ac.ir/article-21-30003-en.html
1- Mashhad Ferdowsi University
2- Mashhad Ferdowsi University , amirfakhriyan@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (6385 Views)
Among the various subjects, historical and cultural elements are among the factors influencing the formation of the city's identity. However, some of these elements, while maintaining their function, are considered as an active ingredient in the city's atmosphere as well. Hence, in addition to the "heritage value", they have "functional value". Also, along with the functional value of these elements, the method of gathering and deploying them should not be left out of view. This suggests that in a certain area of ​​the city, how many valuable elements are deployed and how they affect each other. Regardless of the need to plan for these valuable elements, only attention to their physical and physical dimensions is not important. But besides that, the issue of their work and their distribution pattern should be considered. However, this is the subject in many ways in interfering with worn-out tissues such as recreation, rehabilitation, and so on. In other words, it does not make clear what the difference in type of entry and planning for the mentioned patterns should be considered. Hence, personal effects are seen in the context of any of the interventions in the worn out tissues faced with these elements. On the other hand, in the current context, the projects developed for these emphasis on highlighting their physical value.
The study seeks to demonstrate the "amateurish approach" to face-to-face value identity collections in urban textures (both worn and non-worn). How does this approach, while emphasizing inclusiveness, does not ignore Ryan's details? On the other hand, these collections are considered in the form of a coherent whole, and, in the shadow of such a look, it seeks to integrate and enhance the collection. Such an approach has been less considered in urban studies in dealing with historical and active collections. Therefore, the study can be considered as one of the first research activities in this field.
Research methodology this study is based on descriptive and analytical methods and quantitative and qualitative methods was applied. The use of reasoning methods of analogy and induction is the basis of the work in this study. In this way, using the logic of induction and review of each user of Shariati high school (including 470 students), their daily distance from home to school and vice versa was determined. This step was carried out using GIS and the creation of a database of all students' residence locations, using network analysis methods and standardized distance. Also, in this section, the type of travel means of each student and the amount of travel they generated to this area was determined. For this purpose ArcGis and SPSS software were used. On the other hand, based on the method of analogy, the study of the documents and resources related to land use and its adaptation to the city's space and areas with valuable elements, was designed to develop a theoretical model. Then, while adapting the results of moving and moving students in the area of ​​Shohada Square, the theoretical model, identified the procedures and the results of this adaptation, and, while discussing and analyzing, suggestions were made.
Research variables include the amount of student's passing, the student's transfer, the position of the valuable elements within the  shohada area, as well as the "words and names" of the valuable elements located within the martyrs field in order to find their place in the field of social justice. Is.
Result and discussion
The results of this study indicate the role of "the function of these elements" in shaping its disadvantage. In particular, the use of inductive reasoning and the use of "standard distance" and "network analysis" models from the displacement of 470 high school students in Shariati showed that a daily 3800 km journey in a 6 km radius (More than 3 times). This study, which clarifies the continuity of "elemental function", has, on the one hand, fostered identity and, on the other hand, congestion and reduced environmental quality. An approach based on these dimensions, balances the criterion in order to achieve coherence in relation to the "function of elements".
Therefore, according to the key points obtained, the confrontation and dichotomy of identity enhancement / degradation in the area of ​​martyrs can be viewed from the perspective of (1) the evaluation of the results of the function of valuable elements (such as Shariati high school) in the area of ​​the martyrs, and (2) To evaluate the pattern of the master plan for the area, as follows.
1) Examining the results of the function of valuable elements (such as Shariati high school) in the area of ​​the Shohada Square: It can be said that part of the traffic and busy area of ​​the Shohada Square, as a result of the activities of its valuable elements such as Shariati high school. This bustle has degraded the quality of the environment.
2) Evaluation of the master plan pattern for the shohada area: The findings of the study showed that in Mashhad's comprehensive plan to improve the status of this area, two important issues were considered: 1) improving the identity of the complex; and 2) reducing congestion and congestion.

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Article Type: Original Research | Subject: planning models,techniques and methods
Received: 2019/01/31 | Accepted: 2019/07/16 | Published: 2019/10/2

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