Volume 22, Issue 1 (2018)                   MJSP 2018, 22(1): 154-186 | Back to browse issues page

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Sojasi Qeidari H, shayan H, Hosseini Kahnooj S R. Identifying Factors Affecting on Entrepreneurs Local Business Defeat by Fundamental Theory and Futuristic Approach. MJSP 2018; 22 (1) :154-186
URL: http://hsmsp.modares.ac.ir/article-21-16099-en.html
1- Ferdowsi University of Mashhad
Abstract:   (8361 Views)
The purpose of this study is to answer the question of the factors affecting the failure of greenhouse business among failed local entrepreneurs in Jiroft villages, which is based on the theory of fundamental theory and Futuristic Approach. The view of these entrepreneurs who have experienced critical situations, general characteristics and their common personality characteristics is obtained. This research is a new study aimed at helping theoretical literature and preventing from business failures by categorizing relevant issues and registering characteristics and statements of failed entrepreneurs.  Lack of studies about business failure in Iran and significant differences in this area justify the originality and need for this study. Considering these reasons, the study of unsuccessful entrepreneurs and presentation of a framework and model based on it seems necessary. Accordingly, the present study seeks to answer this key question, which are the most important factors affecting on ​​entrepreneurs failure in the rural greenhouse sector in Jiroft.
Research method
This research is combination of (quantitative and qualitative) that seeks to identify and investigate the factors affecting on bankrupt entrepreneurs, which first identify the most important factors by using the qualitative method. Then, using the futures research method and using MICMAC software, the effect of identified factors on the greenhouse business failure factor is obtained.
The statistical population of this study is failed people including greenhouses owner in five rural areas of Jiroft in Kerman province (as the pole of greenhouse products in Iran). For this purpose, 35 samples were interviewed. Twenty-two of the interviewees were Turkish greenhouse owner, and 13 were experts of agricultural Jihad and professors.
According to the results, 90.2% of respondents were male, 73% were between the ages of 55-55 years old and 60.3% of them had literacy equivalent to a diploma. Also, about 38% of them had an area of land between 1 and 2 hectares, with an average of 10 to 50 million tooman per year. All respondents had experience in the greenhouse industry and failed in this regard. Regarding the funds provided, about 70% of them were using personal loans and borrowing from friends and relatives and the rest by using a loan from Government agencies and charities, including the Committee on Relief and Welfare Project..
As it has been mentioned, loss and failure is a major part of human life. The failure provides a comprehensive database for individuals to learn to create flexible capacity in difficult times. Today, the rate of businesses failure in the agricultural sector in the Iran villages has grown substantially. With regard to issues such as climate change and water and land constraints, it is essential to adopt appropriate policies for setting up agricultural businesses. The purpose of this study is to identify factors affecting the failure of local entrepreneurs' businesses in rural areas of Jiroft using basic theory and futuristic approach to determine the most important factors affecting the failure of local and small entrepreneurs. Firstly, the key factors were identified in qualitative way around six key questions and using the basic theory method. Then, in order to realize the futuristic approach, using the Delphi method and in the form of the Mick-Mac software, the identified factors from the impact or impact dimension it was tested. The results of the futuristic approach showed that most of the key strategic and key factors are influential external factors such as the lack of information and communication, the existence of economic sanctions (high customs duties, high exchange rates, and economic sanctions), lack of :union: Trade leads to natural hazards.
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Subject: Earth-Surface Processes
Received: 2017/12/17 | Accepted: 2023/10/20 | Published: 2018/04/15

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