Volume 13, Issue 1 (2009)                   MJSP 2009, 13(1): 29-62 | Back to browse issues page

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1- Tehran University, Tehran, Iran
2- Ph.D. Student, Department of Geography and Urban Planning, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran
3- Assistant Professor, Department of Geography, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran
Abstract:   (10644 Views)
Reduction of irreparable damages of natural disasters in Iran needs their correct understand of causes and solutions. In this regard, nowadays, vulnerability is offered as the main determinant of disaster that comprises three approaches: Biophysical, Social construction, and synthetic. Different implications of these approaches on perception, analysis and reduction of vulnerability needs full investigation of them. Adopting descriptive-analytical method and comparative study, so, this articles traces answer to this question: which approaches offer full explaining of the perception and analysis of community vulnerability to natural hazards. The study shows that for understand and analysis of Vulnerability at community level, there is no advantage in full substitution of biophysical and social construction approaches by each other. As an agreement of two previous approaches, including benefits of them and containing great theoretical and methodological advances in understand and analysis, the synthetic approach, in contrast, offers full explaining of vulnerability.
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Received: 2007/04/15 | Accepted: 2008/07/22 | Published: 2010/03/11

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