Volume 26, Issue 4 (2023)                   MJSP 2023, 26(4): 1-27 | Back to browse issues page

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1- Department of Geography and Rural Planning, Kharazmi University, Tehran , std_nasire_saeid@khu.ac.ir
2- Department of Geography and Rural Planning, Kharazmi University, Tehran
Abstract:   (1109 Views)
Accessibility to service delivery system effective on the development of agricultural activities is one of the components that guarantee the economic stability of rural areas (especially in providing production support services and creating employment opportunities in the service sector). By this way, the current research was conducted with the aim of analyzing the level of availability and access of olive crop users to agricultural services in the rural area of Tarom. The research method has been quantitative and based on the logical reasoning. The statistical population included all olive producing rural areas (79 rural areas) as well as all olive users (5762 people) in Tarom. With reference to key concept of agricultural services in the research, this was defined in three groups of support, processing, marketing and sales, in the form of 23 indicators. To collect the data related to selected indicators, the library method, documents, statistical reports and phishing technique were used. To summarize the indicators, the factor analysis method with SPSS software was used to determine the weight of the ANP network analysis model in Super Decision. To know the level of enjoyment of agricultural services, Vicor model, Moran's index, hot spots and geographically-oriented distribution were used in ArcGis. Based on the findings, among 79 olive producing rural areas, 28 were fully privileged in terms of having agricultural services while the rest were semi-privileged in terms of accessibility. This situation in the studied area is influenced by the accessibility factor of (rural) points to urban centers and large rural points. In other words, proximity to urban areas and centers with more population has been an advantage for villages fully equipped with agricultural services. This pattern is the outcome of distribution policy and deployment of services based on a population approach instead of a spatial approach, and on the other hand, it is the result of planning to reduce the role of the government and the centralization of some of the services in rural centers and densely populated centers. Of course, the results showed that there is a positive and significant relationship between the availability of agricultural services in rural areas and the economic variables of olive production and cultivation. This means that the proper distribution of the level of agricultural services based on capabilities will lead to the use of agricultural development capacities in rural areas. Therefore, in order to achieve development capacities in rural areas, identifying the existing conditions and developing plans for improvement and proper access to services is the most important steps.
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Article Type: Original Research | Subject: rural and tribal planning
Received: 2022/08/31 | Accepted: 2023/01/3 | Published: 2023/03/1

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