Volume 20, Issue 3 (2016)                   MJSP 2016, 20(3): 105-129 | Back to browse issues page

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Kheyroddin R, Hakimzadeh Asl V. The Application of Jobs-Housing Balance in Spatial Balancing Assessment of New Towns (Case study of Pardis New Town in Tehran Metropolitan Region, Iran). MJSP 2016; 20 (3) :105-129
URL: http://hsmsp.modares.ac.ir/article-21-4658-en.html
1- Assistant Professor, School of Architecture and Environmental Design, Iran University of Science & Technology, Tehran, Iran
2- MSc Student, School of Architecture and Environmental Design, Iran University of Science & Technology, Tehran, Iran
Abstract:   (8985 Views)
Establishment of mainly residential new towns in Tehran metropolitan region has led to expand Tehran’s functional area beyond its political borders. This new functional area, is created by and creates job-targeted travels. These commutes, in fact, represent the spatial relationships created by the distribution of employment and housing opportunities, which indicate the concentration of employment and jobs in Tehran metropolitan region. Meanwhile, Jobs-Housing Balancing is the forgotten aim of new towns including Pardis new town. The research method is descriptive-analytical including both documentary and empirical analysis. The sample is the residence of Pardis new town including 382 of workers residing in this town. In this study, the process of balancing and integration of jobs-housing in Pardis new town are assessed based on two indicators: alteration process of time and distance in business trips and also the comparison between alteration process of employment-related urban land-use changes and alteration process of residential land-use changes. The results show that Pardis new town is leading to a resonant lack of integration between jobs-housing balance and divergence in the jobs-housing system. Therefore, jobs-housing crisis exit strategies are proposed. Divergence and convergence monitoring of job-housing system will lead to improve and adjust spatial development management approaches.  
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Received: 2016/01/23 | Accepted: 2016/04/17 | Published: 2016/11/21

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